人教版八年级英语下册单元语法归纳及练习全套

时间:2019-05-15 作者:changhe 试题来源:网络

人教版八年级英语下册单元语法归纳及练习全套

本资料为WORD文档,请点击下载地址下载
文章来
源 莲山 课件 w w
w.5Y k J.cOM
以下部分显示!
人教版八年级英语下册单元语法复习归纳及练习全套
Unit 1 重点语法
教学目标:掌握情态动词should的用法
          掌握反身代词的用法
  • 情态动词should的用法
( 1 ) 情态动词should后接动词原形,变为一般疑问句时将should提前,变为否定句时在should后面加not。
We should listen to our teacher carefully in class.
Should I tell him the news right now?
We shouldn’t come late to school.
( 2 ) should常用于以下两种情况:
? 提出建议、观点或看法。
You look tired. You should lie down and rest.
‚ 表示推测,意为“该,按理应当”。
Wait a minute. I think he should come in a moment.
 
  • 反身代词
( 1 ) 反身代词的构成
反身代词是表示或强调自身的代词,有人称和数之分。第一、二人称反身代词由“形容词性物主代词 + self ( 单数 )或selves ( 复数 )”构成;第三人称则由“宾格人称代词 + self ( 单数 )或selves ( 复数 ) ”构成。详见下表:
人称 单数 复数(-selves)
第一人称 myself 我自己 ourselves 我们自己
第二人称 yourself 你自己 yourselves 你们自己
 
第三人称
himself 他自己  
themselves他/ 她/ 它们自己
herself 她自己
itself 它自己
( 2 ) 反身代词的用法
? 做宾语
You must look after yourself well and keep healthy.
The child can dress himself.
‚ 做同位语
He didn’t often go shopping himself.
= He himself didn’t often go shopping.
ƒ 做主语
在现代英语中,反身代词一般不能独立用作主语,但是它可以借助and, or, nor等连词与其他名词一起构成并列主语(且位于并列主语的后部),以及用于某些特殊结构(如as...as等)。
My brother and myself went there yesterday.
He was as anxious as myself.
Jim’s sister and himself get up at six every day.
( 3 ) 含反身代词的短语小结
by oneself 独自,单独 for oneself 亲自
teach oneself 自学 learn...by oneself 自学
enjoy oneself 玩得开心 say to oneself 自言自语
dress oneself 穿衣服 help oneself to...  随意吃/ 喝点......
 
I am able to do it by myself.
I teach myself English in my spare time.
They enjoyed themselves at the party.
 
基础巩固
  • ---- Many people play with mobile phones all day instead of reading books.
   ---- That’s too bad. Everyone _______ be a book lover. Reading is more enjoyable.
  • may   B. should   C. would
  • ---- Your uncle is very good at cooking! How did he learn it ?
   ---- He learned it by _______.
  • Him   B. himself   C. her   D. herself
 
专项提升
  • 单句语法填空
  • We should _______ ( learn ) to study by ourselves.
  • After coming back from the storm, she felt she was not _______ ( she ).
  • “You’re old enough, boy. You’d better do it _______ ( you ).” my father said to me.
  • It’s too dangerous for the young children to play near the river by _______ ( they ).
  • My brother is always strict with _______ ( he ).
  • 根据汉语意思完成句子
  • 你应该听你父母的话。
   You _______  _______  _______ your parents.
  • 他们不应该在走廊里跑。
   They _______  _______ in the hallway.
  • 昨天他们在聚会上玩得很开心。
   They _______  _______ at the party yesterday.
  • 没有人教她,她自学了英语。
   Nobody taught her and she _______ English _______  _______.
  • 我们应该做什么?
   ________  _______ we do?
 
能力提升
单项填空
  • Lina and Kitty will go to Greenery Theme Park by _______ next Sunday.
  • they    B. them     C. their    D. themselves
  • Dogs _______ run through soccer games at the park. It’s dangerous!
  • should   B. shouldn’t   C. need   D. needn’t
  • Luckily, he didn’t hurt _______ terribly yesterday, and he will be better soon.
  • he     B. themselves     C. himself     D. they
  • To my surprise, he sold _______ house at such a low price.
  • he      B. him     C. his     D. himself
  • ---- Did you make the kite _______, kids?
   ----No, our uncle made it for us.
  • yourselves   B. yourself    C. themselves
  • As middle school students, we _______ be afraid of difficulties if we want to make our dreams come true.
  • must     B. shouldn’t     C. need
  • Peter doesn’t feel sure of _______ in his new school.
  • he     B. him     C. his     D. himself
 
 
 
答案:
基础巩固
1-2 BB
专项提升
  • learn  2. herself  3. yourself  4. themselves  5. himself  6. should listen to  7. shouldn’t run  8. enjoyed themselves/ had fun  9. learned; by herself  10. What should
能力提升
1-5 DBCCA  6-7 BD
 
Unit 2 重点语法
教学目标:掌握不定式几种重要用法
  • 动词不定式
动词不定式的基本结构为“to + 动词原形”(有时可不加to)。在句中除了不能充当谓语外,其他成分都可以充当,如:主语、表语、宾语、定语、状语、宾语补足语等。此处主要讲做宾语补足语和状语的用法。
 
( 1 ) 做宾语补足语。
动词不定式做宾语补足语,放在宾语的后面,表示宾语是什么或怎么样。有to do和to be两种形式。
The doctor advised him to take a good rest.
I find English to be very easy.
注意:
在ask, tell, encourage, get, wish, want, would like, find, advise, teach 等动词或短语之后,常接带to的不定式做宾语补足语。
We asked him to sing a pop song at the party.
我们请他在聚会上唱一首流行歌曲。
动词不定式做宾语补足语时,不定式符号to在使役动词 ( have, make, let )、感官动词 ( feel, hear, watch, see, notice等 ) 的后面时要省略。但它们变为被动语态时,不定式符号to不能省略。
The boss made the workers work over ten hours a day in the past.
= The workers were made to work over ten hours a day by the boss in the past.
动词help接不定式做宾语补足语时,不定式符号to 可省略也可不省略。
He often comes to help us ( to ) do some farm work.
拓展
动词不定式在listen to, look at后做宾语补足语时,常省略to。
I listened to him sing. 我听到他唱歌。
动词不定式在had better等词组后做宾语时,省略to。
You’d better go home at once.
 
( 2 ) 做状语
? 表目的:不定式可放在句子的前面也可放在句子的末尾。但在句中前面时,不定式常与句子用逗号隔开;而在句子末尾时,一般不用逗号隔开。
To get there on time, we set out at five in the morning.
We set out at five in the morning to get there on time.
‚ 表结果:不定式做结果状语,一般位于句子末尾。
I went to the classroom, to discover it empty.
 
  • 动词短语
动词短语是指动词和介词或副词等搭配而成的短语,如clean up, give out, cheer up, put off, set up, think up, take after, fix up, give away, put up, hand out等。
动词短语主要有以下四种构成形式:
 
( 1 ) 动词 + 介词
这类动词短语主要有:agree with, ask for, arrive at / in, begin with , come from, get to , get on, get off, hear of, knock at / on, laugh at, look at, look after, look for, listen to, wait for, take after等。
注意:这类动词短语后面的宾语无论是名词还是代词,都要放在介词之后。
I am looking for my pen. I have been looking for it for two hours.
 
( 2 ) 动词 + 副词
这类动词短语主要有:find out, get back, give out, look up, put on, put up, put off, pass on, turn on / off, take out, write down, wake up, work out, put away, think up 等。
注意:这类动词短语后面的宾语是名词时,名词可放在副词之前,也可放在副词之后;宾语是代词时,代词只能放在副词之前。
Please pick up the pen. = Please pick the pen up.
Can you pick it up?
 
( 3 ) 动词 + 名词 + 介词
这类动词短语有:have a look at, make friends with, pay attention to, take care of, look forward to等。
注意:在这类动词短语中,宾语都放在介词之后。
You should pay more attention to your pronunciation.
 
( 4 ) 动词 + 形容词 + 介词
这类动词短语主要有:be angry with, be busy with, be good / bad for, be different from, be late for, be interested in, be famous for , be good at等。
Don’t be angry with him. He is only a child.
 
基础巩固
  • These people dress themselves in bloody shark suits. They tell people _______ shark fins in order to protect sharks.
  • eat    B. to eat    C. not eat    D. not to eat
  • Alan often goes to the old people’s home _______ up the old and look after them.
  • to cheer    B. cheer    C. cheers
  • No one can be right all the time. When people make mistakes, we shouldn’t _______ them.
  • wait for   B. send for   C. knock at   D. laugh at
  • ---- Alice, don’t put your things here. _______.
   ---- OK, I will.
  • Put away them   B. Put on them   C. Put them away   D. Put them on
  • Yunnan is beautiful and I’m _______ visiting it again.
  • keeping clear of  
  • suffering from
  • looking forward to
  • running away from
  • ---- Hainan _______ its blue sky and fresh air.
   ---- So it is. That’s why more and more visitors spend their holidays here.
  • is weak in    B. is famous for    C. is use to
 
专项提升
单句语法填空
  • He wants _______ ( put ) up some signs asking for old toys.
  • Maria plans _______ ( be ) a teacher because she loves children.
  • I want to learn more about how _______ ( care ) for animals.
  • They will get together _______ ( discuss ) this question.
  • We need to make more young people _______ ( learn ) shadow puppet(木偶) plays so that it won’t disappear in China.
  • That is the only way we can imagine _______ ( reduce ) the waste of water in the bathroom.
  • Last year, she decided _______ ( try ) out for a volunteer after-school reading program.
  • Would you like ________ ( go ) and have a picnic with us tomorrow?
  • She hopes _______ ( be ) a volunteer during this summer vacation.
  • Please promise _______ ( not tell ) lies any more, will you?
 
能力提升
单项填空
  • The girl was made _______ her brother’s clothes.
  • to wash   B. wash   C. washing
  • My sister with my parents _______ dumplings when I got home yesterday evening.
  • are making   B. is making   C. was making   D. were making
  • ---- Who _______ your pet dogs while you were out for a holiday?
   ---- My neighbor, a warm-hearted woman.
  • put on   B. looked after   C. gave up   D. turned off
  • Our teacher _______ a bookshelf at the back of our classroom to make a small reading corner.
  • picked up   B. put up   C. took up   D. got up
  • The light went out suddenly. It was very dark and _______ could be seen clearly.
  • anything   B. something   C. nothing   D. everything
  • ---- How do you like this speech?
   ---- I like it very much and it can _______ me _______ to achieve my dream.
  • cheer; up   B. connect; with   C. let; down   D. take; up
  • On my way home, I saw a granny(奶奶) fall down. I offered help first and then _______ the police.
  • called up   B. cared for   C. cheered up   D. found out
答案:
基础巩固:1-6 DADCCB
专项提升:1. to put  2. to be  3. to care  4. to discuss  5. learn  6. to reduce  7. to try  8. to go  9. to be   10. not to tell
能力提升:1-5 ACBBC  6-7 AA
 
 
Unit 3 重点语法
教学目标:掌握Could you please...?句型的用法
Could you please...?句型
( 1 ) 请求别人帮忙做某事时通常用此句型,也可以说:Can you ...please? 情态动词could或can 在这里均表示请求,在意思上无区别,但是用could比can在语气上更显得委婉、客气、诚恳。在日常生活中常使用Could you / I...? 若在句末加上please,则显得更礼貌。
Could you please help me find my book, please?
你能帮我找到我的书吗?
( 2 ) 对Could you / I...?的问句做出肯定回答,常用“Sure/Certainly/Of course.”等;如果做否定回答,常用“Sorry.../ Oh, please don’t.”一般不用no开头,用no显得语气生硬、不礼貌。
文章来
源 莲山 课件 w w
w.5Y k J.cOM
相关试题:

上一篇:人教版九年级英语复习资料全套
下一篇:返回列表
点击排行

最新试题

推荐试题

| 触屏站| 加入收藏 | 版权申明 | 联系我们 |